اللغة العربية/LUGHAH/BAHASA: Pelajaran 1 – Penerangan (versi English)

LESSON 1 : الدَّرْسُ الأ َوَّلُ

In this lesson we learn the following things:

What is this? = مـَــا هَـٰـذ َا؟
http://belajar-bahasa-arab-mykrk.blogspot.com/2008/10/pelajaran-12-apakah-apa-ini.html

This is a book = هَـٰـذ َا كِتَابٌ
http://belajar-bahasa-arab-mykrk.blogspot.com/2008/10/pelajaran-11-ini.html

Is this a house? = أهَـٰـذ َا بَـيـْـتٌ ؟
http://belajar-bahasa-arab-mykrk.blogspot.com/2008/10/pelajaran-14-adakah-ini-latihan-2.html

Yes, this is a house = نـَــعـَــمْ، هَـٰـذ َا بَـيـْـتٌ
http://belajar-bahasa-arab-mykrk.blogspot.com/2008/10/pelajaran-12-apakah-apa-ini.html

No, this is a mosque = لاَ،هَـٰـذ َا مَسْجِدٌ
http://belajar-bahasa-arab-mykrk.blogspot.com/2008/10/pelajaran-15-latihan-3-baca-dan-tulis.html

Who is this? =مَــنْ هَـٰـذ َا؟
http://belajar-bahasa-arab-mykrk.blogspot.com/2008/10/pelajaran-16-siapakah-dia.html

Note:

1. هَـٰـذ َا is pronounced هَـاذ َا , but it is written without the first alif.

2. Arabic has no word corresponding to the English “is”, i.e. Arabic has no copula,

3. There is no word in Arabic corresponding to “a” in English as in “this is a book”. The n-sound at the end of the Arabic noun (kitfibu-n, baitu-n, masjidu-ri) is the Arabic indefinite article corresponding to the English “a”/ “an”. This n-sound is called tanwin.

4. The particle أ placed at the beginning of a statement turns it into a question, e.g.

This is a house. هَـٰـذ َا بَــيـْــتٌ

Is this a house? أهَـٰـذ َا بَـيـْـتٌ ؟

Rujukan:

الدكتور ف. عبد الرحيم. دروس اللغة العربية لغير الناطقين بها (الجزء الأول). المملكة العربية السعودية وزارة التعليم العالي الجامعة الإسلامية المدينة المنورة
KEY to Durus al-lughat al-‘arabiyyah li ghair al-natiqina biha Part 1
Categories: Belajar Bahasa Arab | Tags: | Tinggalkan komen

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